The Thyroid is a small gland, about five centimetres across, that lies just under the skin below the Adam’s apple in the neck. Normally, it cannot be seen and can barely be felt, but if it becomes enlarged (Goiter), it can be felt. It secretes hormones into the bloodstream which help to control the rate of metabolism (the chemical reactions constantly occurring in the body). Over – and underactivity are the most common Thyroid disorders.HYPERTHYROIDISM is overproduction of hormones which is most common in females between the ages of 20 and 50. Symptoms developed gradually and includes weight loss, increased appetite, rapid heartbeat which is sometimes, also irregular, tremor, anxiety, insomnia, excessive sweating, intolerant to heat, muscle weakness, sometimes goiter, sometimes bulging of the eyes, and irregular menstruation.
Treatments are three types, either, Anti-Thyroid drugs, Radioactive Iodine or Surgical operation and removal of the Thyroid Gland.
GOITER enlargement of the Thyroid Gland and can range in size from a barely noticeable lump to a swelling the size of a grape fruit. Disorders that may be associated with Goiter include Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism and Thyroid Nodules. Also, Iodine Deficiency and side effects of some drugs such as Lithium which is a mood-stabilizing drug for the treatment of Bipolar Disorder can cause Goiter.
Treatments are three types; either, Anti-Thyroid drugs, Radioactive Iodine or Surgical operation and removal of the Thyroid Gland.
Thyroid nodules are growths that develop in the Thyroid Gland, which are usually non-cancerous and more common in females between the ages of 40 and 60. They are either single or multiple. Some produce excess hormones. Some need surgical operation.